Bill Gates – Biography, who he is and what he did | 2021

Bill Gates or William Henry Gates III, his official name, is an American businessman and computer scientist born in Seattle in 1955. He is known for being the founder of the Microsoft technology company, as well as for being one of the creators of the Windows operating system. and one of the richest men in the world.

Gates, one of the founders of Microsoft, has not only amassed a colossal fortune, but is also known for his outstanding actions in the field of philanthropy.

Much of Gates’s fortune is due to the spectacular success of the Windows operating system.

The origins of Bill Gates, a computer genius and billionaire

Bill Gates studied at the famous Lakeside school and it didn’t take long for him to show a great interest in computers. Precisely in Lakeside he coincided with Paul Allen, another computer lover with whom he created Microsoft.

Gates and Allen dropped out of college to dedicate themselves fully to their business, moving to Albuquerque in 1975. Both worked marathon hours designing low-cost software for companies that hired their services. Even then they believed in microcomputers as opposed to the large computers of the 1970s.

Allen and Gates returned to the city of Seattle in 1980 when, at that time, companies were beginning to show a great interest in mass producing microcomputers. This business trend represented an opportunity for firms like Microsoft.

The first PCs and the landing of MS-DOS

While Apple seemed to be ahead of IBM in developing the PC, IBM ended up using the ideas of Steve Jobs and Stephen Wozniak to create its own PC. IBM PCs required the MS-DOS operating system that Gates and Allen had designed, launching their business careers.

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Thanks to IBM, the PC became popular among American society, as the computer company sold personal computers at reasonable prices. Not only did the IBM computers run on the MS-DOS operating system, but even cheaper clones of the IBM computers also required the Gates and Allen operating system.

Although the computer manufacturers were immersed in a fierce competition, Gates and Allen had a field day, because regardless of the manufacturer, they all used their operating systems. The influence of the Microsoft company in the world of software reached such an extent that it was accused of having established a monopoly.

One argument for the existence of such a monopoly was that if any company created a computer program, it had to be compatible with the MS-DOS operating system.

The success of Microsoft and its expansion

Although in 1984 Apple launched the McIntosh computer, easy to use to the point that it did not require working with codes and that it introduced the mouse, Microsoft and Gates did not collapse. Microsoft’s answer to Apple’s challenge lay in the Windows operating system.

All this boosted Bill Gates to be the wealthiest man in the world, while his customers increased at a spectacular rate. What’s more, because the Windows operating system was built on top of MS-DOS, users didn’t have to buy new computers.

Another computer application that consolidated the success of Microsoft and Windows was the development and launch of the Office package, where Word and Excel were found.

But Microsoft would not be limited to the development of operating systems. Expanding its business portfolio, it acquired Hotmail in 1997 with the aim of becoming the leader in the electronic messaging sector.

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Moreover, Microsoft’s movements reached the world of communication, which is why, together with the NBC network, they created the MSNBC channel. The current affairs magazine SLATE was also created by Microsoft, although in 2004 it was acquired by the prestigious American newspaper The Washington Post.

Microsoft’s expansion has even reached business areas such as video games through companies like XBOX, or social networks applied to business and employment, as in the case of LinkedIn.

Philanthropy

After leaving Microsoft in 2008, Gates chose to throw himself fully into the field of philanthropy through his foundation. This, just when great business giants like Facebook, Amazon and Google emerged, and when Apple re-emerged with great force.

Thus, since 2000, Bill Gates has contributed more than 50,000 million dollars to numerous charitable causes. Among this wide range of fields of action are the fight against diseases such as malaria, polio, or even to combat the coronavirus pandemic.

In addition, poverty reduction, gun control in the United States, literacy and access to information and communication technologies are part of his philanthropic activity.

In fact, the philanthropic work of Bill Gates and his wife Melinda Gates was recognized in 2006 when they were both awarded the Prince of Asturias Award for International Cooperation.

The Gates Foundation has been one of the largest financial contributors to philanthropy.

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