Bioeconomy – What is it, definition and concept

The progress of society has given rise to countless goods and services that cover a large part of the unlimited needs that human beings have.

Mass production of all these products has a number of advantages and disadvantages. As for the advantages, it can be said that they have allowed us to live more comfortably thanks to lower product costs.

However, the main disadvantage is the use of large amounts of limited natural resources and the pollution that this entails. This contamination is caused both by the production process and by the end of the useful life of the goods.

In this context, the bioeconomy tries to solve these problems with the research and development of sustainable production processes. This is achieved thanks to the production of goods with totally natural resources that facilitate their degradation and are not polluting.

Specifically, the bioeconomy uses renewable natural resources to produce sustainable goods and services. For example, imagine a biodegradable bag that turns into compost for plants. In this case, both the bag and its production are part of the bioeconomy.

Importance of the bioeconomy

With the growth of the world population and the progress of society, the consumption of natural resources has increased considerably. These resources, such as non-renewable sources or oil and its derivatives, generate a large amount of waste that nature cannot absorb.

For this reason, the need arises to produce goods and services that can be reused the maximum number of times. In addition to this, its degradation must occur as soon as possible, in order to avoid contamination.

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For example, an aluminum can of Coca-Cola takes about 10 years to degrade. Therefore, if it is not given the proper recycling treatment, it will be polluting during all that time.

However, if we manage to create a container made with totally natural materials, it will take less time to degrade and it will also not be polluting at all. That is the goal of the bioeconomy.


There are more and more products on the market that are made with totally natural resources. Here are some examples:

  • Biodegradable water bottles.
  • Biodegradable plastic bags made with vegetable products.
  • Ecological clothing made with organic cotton.
  • Bamboo toilet paper.

In conclusion, the bioeconomy is essential to guarantee the sustainability of the production processes that are carried out, thus protecting our planet. This makes it possible to avoid the loss of biodiversity and curb climate change.

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