We call a collective a group of people who, whether or not they share attributes and traits, come together in order to achieve a common goal.
Collectivity is a broad concept, sometimes it can even be confused with collective. That is why it must be taken into account that the community is a group that develops a series of specific tasks in order to achieve an objective.
Differences between collectivity and collective
As we have just mentioned, the community is an association of people who pursue a common benefit, that is, they associate to achieve it. Instead, the collective is a term that encompasses people who share traits or attributes.
Although they may share common goals, they may do so unintentionally. For example, the group of working women, this would be a case of a group that performs a task, but does not perform it simultaneously in the same group.
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The group of businessmen would be an example of people who come together conscientiously in order to obtain benefits that report to all its members.
Characteristics of the community
Based on the definition of the concept, we can extract some characteristics of it:
- It is made up of a group of people.
- This group of people come together consciously.
- The objective of said union is to achieve a common benefit that satisfies certain interests.
- A very widespread use is that of national minorities in other countries.
Advantages and disadvantages of the community
For a group to come together in search of a mutual goal has a number of advantages:
- Establishes a series of personal and work relationships.
- Stimulates solidarity as a central value.
- Objectives are achieved that individually may be impossible or very difficult to obtain.
- All members are participants in the work and the results.
But this also supposes, like any system, that there may be some disadvantages:
- Denial of minority options.
- Individual talent and creativity can be overshadowed by the collective.
- There may be members who are forced into such a group.
- Some members can work harder than others and get the same result.
Collectivization in the USSR
A very clear example of collective work were the collectivizations carried out during the Soviet Union in the second quarter of the 20th century. With the triumph of the Bolsheviks after the Russian civil war, Lenin carried out a process of collectivization of the countryside. The farms went from being privately owned to being owned by the group of people who worked on them.
With the arrival of Stalin, this system took a few more steps, prohibiting private exploitation and forcing the constitution of these farms, the kolkhoz. Its workers were paid with part of the production. Those workers who kept part of the production that was not theirs were punished and the merchandise burned.
Such was the disaster of this community that numerous famines followed one another, in addition the production plans always overestimated those finally harvested. After the end of the USSR, they were privatized again.