A dangerous activity is that activity that consists of manufacturing, handling, depositing, distributing products, substances or merchandise that could generate serious risks for the workers who perform it.
In other words, “dangerous activity” is the name given to various economic activities, which put the health or physical integrity of the employee or worker who performs them at risk. Therefore, we are talking about those economic activities that, by carrying them out, carry a risk for the worker.
These activities are regulated by the State, so when we talk about companies of this type, the inspection and imposition of numerous regulations is more frequent than in other companies that do not imply a risk for their employees. In this sense, the Government establishes which activities are considered dangerous activities, establishing special regulations to avoid, as far as possible, the appearance of these risks.
An example of dangerous activity in Spain, as established by its legislation, could be work with exposure to ionizing radiation. Another example is jobs with exposure to toxic and highly toxic agents.
Also, those activities that involve the manufacture, handling and use of explosives, including pyrotechnic articles and other objects of this type. As well as those works typical of open-pit and indoor mining and drilling on land or on offshore platforms.
In short, economic activities that, according to the Government, pose a risk to those who carry them out.
Characteristics of a dangerous activity
Once we know what a dangerous activity is, let’s see some characteristics of this type of activity:
- Dangerous activity is thus categorized by the State.
- It is a type of economic activity that usually requires greater control and inspection by the State.
- This, given that it presents numerous risks that must be prevented, and that appear in the Law that qualifies these activities as dangerous.
- For this reason, the regulation is stricter. In other words, things are required that other companies are not required to do.
- In the same way, among other things, a higher compensation is required for those employees who carry out this dangerous activity, as well as more days off between shifts.
- If we talk about a dangerous activity, the employee, too, could retire earlier. In other words, you would be entitled to a shorter working life.
- However, the fact that it is a dangerous activity generates, and therefore exempts the company, the risk of physical damage at work, with all the consequences that this would have for the employee.
Taking into account each legislation, it will stipulate those activities that the State considers dangerous, taking into account the risks assumed by its workers.
In Spain, for example, it is Law 31/1995, of November 8, which provides for the Prevention of Occupational Risks, which provides for dangerous activities. That is, those that, in accordance with this Law, are intended to manufacture, manipulate, sell or store products that may cause serious risks due to explosions, combustion, radiation or others of similar importance to people or property.
However, it is the Autonomous Administration that establishes, ultimately, the activities that, depending on the territory, can be considered dangerous for the citizens, the territory or the workers who perform them.
These types of trades, as a general rule, tend to be more controlled by the Government and the State, due to the risks that arise. Likewise, more regulations and standards are applied to avoid the appearance of these risks.
In the same way, these trades are better paid, since the risks assumed by the worker who performs the activity are greater. This is the case of the police or military who carry out their activity in special operative groups. These, due to this greater risk, receive a higher remuneration, as well as different working conditions.
In general, they also have more days off, as well as health insurance linked to their activity.
More dangerous jobs or major dangerous activities
Although it is the Government that, in the last resort, establishes which trades are considered dangerous, there is a wide list of economic activities that, throughout the world, are considered “dangerous activities”.
Starting with the special forces of the State, we can cite a list of dangerous activities, such as the following:
- Nuclear energy.
- Industrial agricultural sector.
- Manufacture and handling of explosives.
- Police and military soldiers.
- Activities where chemical products are involved.
- Activities that include immersion under water.
- Jobs with exposure to toxic substances.
Among many other activities.