Ecocentrism – What it is, definition and concept

Ecocentrism is the current that defends that the whole of nature is the center of everything. The human being is not a superior being, but all life in an ecosystem as a whole is what must be preserved and respected.

Ecocentrism is a current of thought that affirms the respect, equally, that must be had for the whole of the Earth. Nature, thinking about both living beings and other inert components, is the most precious thing we can have and does not belong to anyone, least of all, if possible, to the human being in particular.

That is why man should not interfere in the development of the planet for its use and enjoyment as it is doing until now. In fact, it is desirable that you care about promoting and developing it.

Development of ecocentrism

Over the years and the emergence of environmental movements, this ecocentric current has developed more and more. Everything is no longer valid.

Years ago, progress justified all kinds of actions. In the 21st century, in many countries, the legislation prohibits certain practices and has promoted and redirected many others, some examples are the following:


Environmentalism is the ideology that sustains ecocentrism. This defends that the development of the human being has to be done respecting nature and through sustainable consumption. Man only has to consume and produce that amount of goods and services that is not at odds with the environment. That does not involve cutting down forests, polluting rivers or any other natural space.

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In politics, there are many parties that defend environmentalism as part of their electoral program. Promoting renewable energies, animal welfare or limiting the expulsion of polluting agents.

Characteristics of ecocentrism

Ecocentrism, as a current of thought, has characteristics and postulates, among which we highlight the following:

  • Nature is the supreme value that must be respected and preserved.
  • The human being has to develop respecting nature and the ecosystem.
  • The human being is not the center of the Earth, but coexists with the rest of the components of the planet.
  • He opposes any form of practice that deforms flora and fauna: such as massive logging, pollution or animal shows.
  • He advocates practices such as deindustrialization, degrowth, veganism and vegetarianism, renewable energy, and animal welfare.
  • Environmentalism is the ideology that sustains ecocentrism.

Differences between ecocentrism and biocentrism

These concepts are very similar, but they have a significant difference.

Both concepts advocate the defense of nature. Biocentrism is limited to life, that is, the human being is not above another type of life.

But ecocentrism goes further, defends the ecosystem, the set of elements that make up the space where life develops. It extends the spectrum to the physical terrain, such as mountains, valleys or any natural element that makes up the environment.

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