On August 23, 1991, the first web page in history appeared. Since then, the network has revolutionized the world and it is unimaginable to live without web pages.
It is true that the first web page in history had nothing to do with the new web pages, since it lacked images or videos, among many other things.
Over time, web pages have evolved and, thanks to them, it is possible to ask search engines and obtain the information we need.
Origins of web pages
The Internet has military origins, because around 1969, the United States Department of Defense launched a network called ARPANET to be able to connect various universities in the country.
These communications transcended beyond the academic and military world. But a simpler form of communication and navigation became essential.
This is where British scientist Tim Berners-Lee, who was working for the European Organization for Nuclear Research, broke in. Berners-Lee managed to create a form of communication based on hypertext which he named the World Wide Web (www).
Although it is true that the English scientist began to delve into the development of the HTML language and URL address systems in 1989, it was not until 1991 that the first web page saw the light.
It should be noted that the first web pages were very primitive, without intuitive menus, videos or images. Furthermore, the web pages only worked with Berners-Lee’s World Wide Web browser and on NEXT computers.
Browsers and the explosion of web pages
The browser designed by Tim Berners-Lee was followed by Mosaic, compatible with Windows and Mac. Later, it would be followed by the successful Netscape Navigator and in 1995 Internet Explorer would land at the hands of Microsoft.
Internet Explorer was widely accepted as it was compatible with the Windows operating system. In view of this, Netscape chose to release its source code to create Mozilla in 2004. Google would do the same in 2008, giving rise to the Chrome browser.
Despite the development of the internet, web pages and browsers, the network was not within the reach of all pockets. It was considered a communication network too expensive and slow.
But, it didn’t take long for companies to realize the opportunities offered by the web format. The triple w offered companies wide commercial possibilities, so in 1993 the music chain MTV or the newspaper The Economist launched the first web pages for business purposes.
As web pages emerged, they were registered manually, with Tim Berners-Lee himself updating the list on the computers of the European Organization for Nuclear Research.
In 1994, Berners-Lee launched the WWW Consortium, which dealt with performance standards for web pages.
Faced with the arrival on the market of more and more web pages, robots emerged that crawled the Internet in search of new pages. This is how, in 1993, the first web robot, known as the World Wide Web Wanderer, emerged. Now, the honor of being the first search engine to use corresponded to Aliweb.
As web pages proliferated and the Internet democratized, new search engines such as Lycos, Yahoo, Excite, Infoseek or Altavista arrived. But, in 1997, what would become the great search engine par excellence arrived: Google.
From web 1.0 to web 3.0
Web 1.0 allowed communication through links or by email. However, forums also emerged as a new form of communication. However, web 2.0 would go one step further.
Thus, at the beginning of 2002, Web 2.0 emerged. From the hand of web 2.0 came chats, video chats, blogs and the possibility of introducing videos, audio and comments. All this was the perfect springboard for social networks like Facebook and YouTube.
Web 3.0 aims to use languages and procedures that provide users with a more personalized internet. Therefore, through web 3.0, personalized searches are promoted, social networks are promoted, speed is improved and the possibility of connecting to other devices is offered.
Nor should we forget that web 3.0 offers easier navigation, the possibility of working in the cloud, access to free programs or geolocation tools.