Holocaust denial is the thesis that denies that the so-called “Final Solution”, that is, the extermination of the Jewish people by the Third Reich, really existed.
Holocaust denialism is a theory or thesis that affirms that the extermination attempt, perpetrated by the Nazis, of the Jewish people and other ethnic groups, is flatly false. This, in order to legitimize or downplay the barbarity perpetrated by the Nazis during the Third Reich. And also to whiten the National Socialist ideology so that it is not so frowned upon years later.
This denial is considered one of the so-called conspiracy theories. It is not that it is part of the others or they are related, it is simply cataloged as such.
Before continuing with the drafting of this concept, it is necessary to briefly describe what the Holocaust consisted of.
What is the Holocaust?
After the election of Adolf Hitler as Chancellor of Germany and his proclamation as Führer, one of the fundamental pillars of government action was the extermination of the Jews. This developed progressively. Thus, it began with a hostile and marginal treatment towards the Jews. In 1935, the Nuremberg laws came into force, in 1938 the well-known “night of broken glass” happened, and finally they were confined in concentration and extermination camps in order to achieve their extinction.
But why the Jews? Hitler, and later the German people, was going to accuse them of leading the decline of Germany and of succumbing to the rest of the countries of Europe. This opinion began to be forged during the First World War.
The Holocaust was this genocide carried out by the Nazi regime until 1945, the year in which it finally lost the Second World War. But it should be noted that, although it was the most attacked group, it was not exclusively against Jews, but also against gypsies, homosexuals, disabled people and other groups.
Many are the arguments used by those who defend the thesis of Holocaust denial, mainly followers of National Socialism.
One of the most used arguments is the manipulation exercised by the winning powers after the war. This, since history is written by the victors, and the concentration camps could be used to reinforce the task of the liberating powers and put the vanquished in a worse position.
Thus, the Holocaust, from this perspective, was a set-up by the Allies. Not all of them say that everything concerning the Jewish question was a lie, but they do deny their genocide. Some maintain that the concentration camps were labor camps and that their occupants were malnourished.
It should be noted that the Nazis did not want to be discovered, the camps were far from the population and even the soldiers exposed themselves as little as possible. They also eliminated documentation and human remains, even more so when they began to lose territories due to the war.
Another argument used is that the newspapers, books and testimonies that emerged as a result of this event are totally fabricated and falsified, thus lacking credibility.
Finally, another of the most heard arguments is that the Jews who died in Nazi Germany did so as a natural consequence of a war, as happened to all kinds of ethnic groups or nationalities. They also argue that the declared number of victims is totally inflated.
Response to Holocaust denial
The response to denialism is very varied and is carried out in different ways. Nazism is popularly repudiated and condemned by practically the entire population of any country. Therefore, these deniers are politically marginalized speaking for society, which makes it difficult for their messages to sink in with the public.
At a legal level, it is also explicitly punished in a large number of European countries. And in those that do not, as is the case in Spain, these behaviors can be punished if they incite hatred.
Finally, as a direct response to his argument, we find various written and graphic documents. Likewise, there are the testimonies of some of its protagonists.