The manifesto is a public declaration in which an intention or ideas of a natural or legal person are reflected.
The manifesto is a document by which a person formally and publicly conveys his principles, political ideas or opinions. It is usually a vindictive document and it can combine different opinions concluded under this document. The best known example is the communist manifesto.
The purpose of this document is to make known, expose or communicate something. Thus, it can be a formal communication that is signed both by a natural person and by a legal person.
The main characteristics of this type of document are the following:
- It collects in an orderly way the main ideas of a movement, claim or opinion.
- It can be signed by a natural or legal person, be it a company, organization or the State itself.
- Its purposes are very varied: it can be the basis for an ideology, a resignation or a declaration of war or independence.
- The main characteristic is its publicity, that is, it must be a document that is fully disclosed to the public because there is something to communicate.
- It can try not only to outline an opinion, but to be an attack on a point of view or theory.
- If it is a manifesto from a single individual, it is more of a personal commitment than a public statement. For example, a statement against the war.
- Manifestos from artistic or literary communities are also very common.
The main example of a manifesto is the communist manifesto itself, the basis of the thought of Marx and Engels. It originated in the mid-19th century. In this case, their communication has a very marked political character.
His main ideas were:
- The study of the historical evolution of society through technological changes and the means of production. They fixed the separation between people due to their income level and social origin.
- They proclaimed the existence of social classes and, therefore, of social inequalities, which caused confrontations between the “exploitative” elite and another dominated “worker or proletarian” group.
- This document establishes the main objectives of communism, based on achieving greater social equality through the abolition of classes.
- Elimination of private ownership of the means of production.