Representativeness is the ability of a person or group to act and make decisions on behalf of an entire group.
Representativeness is a term used to name the situation in which a person or a group of them are legally qualified to act and act on their behalf. The concept has two very marked aspects. One in what refers to political science and another in law.
In the field of political science, this representativeness can be divided into two, on the one hand, that which refers to the State and the direct power of the rulers. And, on the other hand, that which arises from civil society, although it is later institutionalized, such as unions, employers or any other organization that represents a group.
Regarding state representation, it is the one that is executed on behalf of the citizens from the public authorities. This is typical of democracies, and is inspired by the idea of national sovereignty, whereby the people are the ones who have power over the territory, but they delegate their direction to an elite that they choose democratically.
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On the contrary, in dictatorships there is no representativeness, although some claim the representation of their citizens, the lack of guarantees, rights and freedoms and turnismo in the institutions causes the dictator or autocrat not to respect this sovereignty. Thus, in short, he will be favoring his own interests and his perpetuation in power.
State representation is carried out through two channels, the executive and the legislative power. The former administers and governs the territory on behalf of its citizens. Its decisions are fully binding and legitimate due to its popular support.
The legislative power, the parliament, is directly elected by the people in any democratic regime and is the one who makes the laws on their behalf. Therefore, it also deserves your compliance.
In short, state representativeness is what emanates from representative democracy. John Stuart Mill was one of his leading contemporary theorists.
As we said at the beginning, civil representation is carried out by those associations that arise from the population itself and act outside the State. Although some of them are so related to the State itself that they are not totally independent, as is the case with the unions. That state resources are used as a source of financing for these organizations vitiates their functioning and casts doubt on their independence.
Trade unions is one of these organizations. It is a group of workers whose objective is the promotion and defense of the rights of its members in the workplace. Some of its specific functions are the demand for wage increases, increased compensation, reductions in working hours, increased job security, calling general strikes, etc.
On the other hand, the other large organization is popularly known as employers’ association. It is dedicated to defending the interests of businessmen. It usually participates in collective bargaining and in major labor reforms. Since, for their greater success, they must be negotiated and agreed upon by all social agents.
Representation in law
In law, for administrative or other procedures, the figure of the representative is contemplated. This, by virtue of the authorization of the represented party, will carry out the procedures on his behalf.
For this, the representation must have two criteria, that it be legal and voluntary. The representation that is carried out illegally will have its effects and consequences annulled. Willingness is key, both parties, representative and represented, must have entered into their relationship without being coerced or conditioned. Being this relationship, totally consented.