Smart technology – What it is, definition and concept

Intelligent technology is one that, through automated processes, studies and makes decisions based on collected data.

In other words, smart technology consists of analyzing a large series of data to take action.

The final objective of this type of technology is to carry out the processes in the most effective and efficient way.

Smart technology features

The characteristics of smart technology can be synthesized in three factors:

  1. Efficiency: In this aspect, what we can achieve without consuming more resources than we really need is understood as efficient. If smart technology helps us determine at what times of the year it is more convenient to sow certain seeds, for example, we will be saving on water, energy and labor.
  2. The efficacy: It consists of achieving the proposed goal aspiring to be the closest solution to perfection. An example is when smart technologies let us know when is the best time to eat, sleep and even have a child, based on our personal data.
  3. Avoid human error: However, all these guesswork and calculations in terms of efficiency and effectiveness can be achieved without resorting to smart technology. The counterpart is that it takes more time, and that, in the midst of this exhaustive study done by hand, human errors can arise that lead to chain errors, which would require repeating the process over and over again until the desired result is found.

Despite the fact that intelligent technologies are the present and future of human progress, they have not yet been perfected to the point of achieving independence from the workforce. Examples of smart technologies that still need a breakthrough are voice assistants and smart cars.

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The term ‘automatic’ should not be confused with the term ‘smart’. The first indicates a possible scheduled activity that is sometimes ignorant of its surroundings. The second refers to the performance of those activities that take into account all relevant factors.

For this reason, we must differentiate, for example, between an automatic car (which does not need gears) and a smart car, which may or may not be automatic, but must meet a series of additional requirements.

Derivatives of smart technology

Smart technology as such is not a specific branch, but rather a set of technologies that use automation processes, artificial intelligence or big data, among others.

Some of the technologies that are based on the ‘smart’ concept are:

  • Smart cities. Better known as smart cities, are those that aspire to use resources and information to make the lives of its inhabitants easier and more sustainable.
  • Smart homes. The cornerstone of this type of home is energy efficiency, and with it the mass sustainability of urbanizations, towns, cities, etc.
  • Smart contracts. Smart contracts are mostly based on technology blockchain, or blockchain. This type of technology establishes that, whether in the contract the event ‘A’ occurs or not, there will be a response type ‘B’, or ‘C’, depending on the event ‘A’. For example, if the rent for a home is paid, then the smart lock on the property will accept my entry as a tenant into the home. If, on the other hand, I have not paid my rental fee, the lock of the property will deny me entry.
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As we can see, the applications of smart technologies have a very wide range of options, and there are practically no restrictions when developing them.

Examples of smart products and services

Next, we are going to highlight some examples of products and services that revolve around the different smart technologies:

  • Smart phones, watches and TVs: These devices make our lives easier, and sometimes they give us information that we have not explicitly asked for, but it can be useful to us. All this in exchange for our data, of course. When this type of device shows us our hours of sleep, the series that they recommend or the advertising that seems most relevant to us, it is not a random cause, they compile our way of proceeding in them to offer us a personalized experience.
  • Chatbots: This type of communication is occurring more and more on the webs, offering virtual assistance to the visitor of said web. The objective of chatbots is none other than to be able to answer the user’s doubts without having to use the human factor.
  • Smart sprinklers and irrigation lines: These products are based on the weather and the time of year, among other factors, to provide water to the crops in the most efficient way possible. With this, the waste of water is reduced to minimal figures compared to if we did it in an analog or manual way.

Although only a few examples have been exposed, intelligent technology, as its development grows and it innovates in other sectors, will give more and more applications that go from being in the R&D phase (research and development) to be a solid product or service.

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