Theocentrism – What is it, definition and concept | 2022

Theocentrism is a way of interpreting life and the universe, as well as all disciplines and areas of knowledge. But this, contrary to anthropocentrism, puts God and faith as the center and backbone.

Theocentrism is the current of thought that places God at the center of the universe. Thus, any explanation about any phenomenon is made from the religious approach.

Etymologically, the term comes from the Greek, on the one hand theos means “god”; and on the other, kentron translates as center. On the other hand, the suffix ism it refers to a current of thought or doctrine. As a result, the most literal meaning of theocentrism is that of a doctrine that places God at the center.

Origin of theocentrism

Until the beginning of the Middle Ages, 5th century, the religion that prevailed in the West was that of the Roman Empire, with its own gods and cultural peculiarities. But with the end of the empire and the beginning of the Middle Ages, Christianity began to grow throughout Europe, expanding completely in a few years.

From then on, European kings shared power with the papacy in Rome. The rulers defended their throne in the name of God, which made the clergy and nobility very close. As a result, the vision of dogma and faith expanded throughout all areas of life of European citizens, governing their day to day life under the dogmas of faith.

This ends with the beginning of the Modern Age, the great process of humanism changed this idea, giving way to anthropocentrism. This meant that God ceased to be the center of the universe, to be the man. Thus, science and knowledge became governed by reason and not by faith.

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Theocentrism, like any current of thought, has a series of characteristics that give it substance and define it. The main ones are:

  • There is a superior divine figure to whom all the inhabitants pay homage.
  • God is the center of the universe, whose will is externalized through the sacred texts and their ecclesiastical representatives.
  • The dogmas are above any scientific knowledge, governing the life and work of people.
  • Faith above reason.
  • The king or ruler is by designation of the divinity, to whom he also owes submission.
  • Existence of religious leaders. Priests, bishops and cardinals represent and spread the word of God on Earth.
  • It predominated during the Middle Ages, from the end of the 5th century to the end of the 15th.

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