Transformation process – What it is, definition and concept

The transformation process refers to the set of operations that a raw material undergoes from its extraction until it can be converted into some material that is suitable for being worked or used in the production of a product.

In other words, a transformation process is an activity or a set of activities where an input is used to which value is added. In this way, it ends up becoming a product that satisfies the customer’s need. The customer can be internal or external.

Types of industries that use the transformation process

The transformation industries are all the industries that are dedicated to processing the raw materials that are in their natural state. This, to later convert them into materials that have a technical use.

The main industries that use the transformation process are the following:

  • Oil: This industry uses petroleum and all petroleum-related gases as its main raw material. Many products are obtained from its transformation, such as gasoline, tar, kerosene, pitch and lubricating oils, among some of the many that can be mentioned.
  • Steel: It is the industry that is dedicated solely and exclusively to the extraction of iron as a raw material. This, to later transform or convert it into materials such as iron itself. In addition, iron allied with carbon produces steel and foundries can be made with these materials.
  • Metallurgical: Metallurgy extracts and uses as raw material any type of metal contained in ores, except iron. By transforming them, they can be converted into copper, tin, zinc, and aluminum, to name a few important ones.
  • Timber: It is the industry that extracts and uses wood as the main base for its transformation processes. Wood can be converted into cellulose, to make paper, or into lignin, to make plastics. In addition, the wood itself is used to produce furniture and construction materials. The wood can also be used simply as firewood.
  • Ceramics: Ceramics use clay, limestone, gypsum and water as raw materials. With these elements, materials such as brick, tile, tile, and porcelain are made; which are some of the most important.
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Of course, to carry out any transformation process, the first thing that has to be done is to locate where the raw material is located. Immediately the most appropriate techniques have to be applied to be able to extract it. Finally, the process of moving and transporting the material to be transformed is carried out.

Transformation Process 1
Transformation proccess
Industries that use it

Process phases

Naturally, to achieve a transformation process, many phases are followed, depending on each of the industries. That is, not all industries use the same processes or follow the same steps. For this reason, we are going to mention some of the most used phases:

  • Crushed or ground: It is the process by which a raw material is ground or crushed with the purpose of making it smaller. The smaller size of the material makes it easier to handle. Additionally, if it is necessary to heat it, it is easier to reach the melting point.
  • Baking or casting: It is to use heat or high temperatures to convert a raw material that is in a solid state to a liquid. The process happens when the raw material is introduced into ovens. In this way, the raw material is exposed to high temperatures, making it liquid. In some cases the raw material is expected to acquire a pasty consistency.
  • Molded: Molding is done when a raw material that is in a molten state is shaped in a mold. The mold is a rigid surface that allows the raw material to take on a particular shape. Casting can be done on ingots, bars, tubes and sheets.
  • Drying or cooling: Drying occurs when a raw material is exposed to air to dry. Or, when a molten material is left to rest. For its part, cooling is done when a material is expected to solidify. This is done by applying air or gases to a raw material that has previously been baked or melted. When it solidifies, the next step in the process can be followed.
  • Storage: Storage occurs when materials are sorted, grouped, and stacked. This, in order to make it easier to locate and use them in the following phases of the process.
Transformation Process 2
Transformation proccess
phases

In conclusion, it can be said that the result that is achieved from the transformation process or output from the process is offered to the market. For this reason, it must be sought, in the first place, that the element or material produced meets the quality conditions required by the industry. Second, that the transformation process is carried out efficiently, so that its cost is low so that the final price of the product is not very high. Finally, the cost of transportation must be analyzed, to prevent it from negatively affecting the final price of the product. For this reason, it is convenient for the transformation process to be carried out in a place close to where the raw material is located.

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